2,709,918 Americans served in uniform in Vietnam. With the war in Vietnam as a backdrop – and the futures of some 850,000 … The capsules were then drawn out and opened, one by one, and assigned sequentially rising numbers. From 1965 through 1972, the military draft profoundly affected the lives of millions of young men, inducting nearly two million and pressuring many more into volunteering for service. The Selective Service System underwent a dramatic overhaul in 1969. All but me were draftees, and many, I knew, would soon enter combat in Vietnam. I was among the quarter-million to half-million men who violated the law that required us to register for military service and face deployment to Vietnam — the draft. Actually served in Vietnam: 38% Marine Corps draft: 42,633. Chinook helicopter preparing to lift a disabled Huey from a Vietnam War firebase in late-1971. Note that Morris gives the number as 2,215,000 - this may reflect a … 88.4% of the men who actually served in Vietnam were Caucasian; 10.6% (275,000) were black; 1% belonged to other races. The military is surprisingly strict about the medical conditions of those … Out of 210 trainees there were 41 RA's, 26 ER's,12 NG's and the rest U.S. (draftees)The 9 that didn't go to infantry, 3 went to artillery and 6 to engineers. How many people did the navy draft during the Vietnam war? 7. 240 men were awarded the Medal of Honor during the Vietnam War. The draft pool was around 27 million (apparently lifted verbatim from a paragraph from this paper), and per the Selective Service page linked above, there were 1,857,304 inductions during Vietnam. This of course does not jive with the misconception that the Vietnam War was fought by draftees. African-Americans also complained that they were disproportionately drafted, assigned to combat units and killed in Vietnam. For the lottery, 366 blue plastic capsules, each containing one date of the calendar year, were dumped in a large glass container. These Selective Service statistics show how many Americans were enlisted throughout the Vietnam War. For those born in 1950, however, being drafted in 1970 was a very real prospect. I loved bringing these young men together, settling their scraps, becoming the one they turned to. The others were from earlier classes and all, with the exception of two civilians and one who volunteered as an Army chaplain, had entered military service well before the Vietnam … Statistics from the first three years of … Congress approved the decision to establish a lottery and on Nov. 26, 1969 — just five days before the lottery — Nixon signed the measure into law. The estimated 850,000 who will be 19 through 25 and classified 1-A or draft eligible as of Jan. 1 are directly affected by last night's drawing. During the Vietnam War, approximately 570,000 people were classified as draft dodgers, after not reporting for induction as ordered. 9,087,000 military personnel served on active duty during the official Vietnam era from August 5, 1964 to May 7, 1975. During the Korean War, the Selective Service began the polic… These records were transferred into the custody of the National Archives and Records Administration in 2008. Note that some of these men enlisted in the armed forces despite a deferment. There were several different ways to avoid getting drafted during the Vietnam War era. A total of 1,857,304 men were drafted between August 1964 and February 1973, drawing from the pool of men born on or before 1955. The Vietnam draft dodgers were offered amnesty 40 years ago today, but their story isn't over Marine Corps Draft: 42,633. Actually served in Vietnam : 38% 8. Make up a health condition. That meant that 20% RAs, 13% ERs,6% NGs, and 61% draftees went to infantry. At protests, activists chanted phrases such as “suck cock, beat the draft.” 9. Around 1966-67 tests were given to college students specifically to determine if they were academically qualified to be in college. Inductions by year from World War I through the end of the draft (7/1/73) Year: Inductions: 1917: 516,212: 1918: 2,294,084: 1940: 18,633: 1941: 923,842: 1942: 3,033,361: 1943: 3,323,970: 1944: 1,591,942: 1945: 945,862: 1946: 183,383: 1948: 20,348: 1949: 9,781: 1950: 219,771: 1951: 551,806: 1952: 438,479: 1953: 471,806: 1954: 253,230: … Results for Men Facing the Draft in 1971. Race and Ethnic Background 88.4% of the men who actually served in Vietnam were Caucasian; 10.6% (275,000) were black; 1% belonged to other races. Approximately 850,000 men were affected by the 1969 draft lottery. First, the numbers: Though 70% of African-Americans who were drafted were rejected from the Army, the ratio of black combat troops to white ones was double that for the U.S. population as a … Last man drafted: June 30, 1973. Jim Morrison Frontman of the Doors, Jim Morrison, unsurprisingly, was a draft dodger; Morrison would be called upon to serve in the Vietnam War with a band mate, John Densmore. Last man drafted: June 30, 1973. On Dec. … Legal authority for a peacetime draft came from the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940, signed by President Franklin Roosevelt in order to mobilize American civilian-soldiers in anticipation of entry into World War II. Selective Service System drawing lottery numbers to determine who would and would not be drafted. 1. Conscription during the 1960s took place under the legal authority of the peacetime draft, because the United States never formally declared war on North Vietnam. On December 1st, 1969, America's first military draft lottery since World War II was held. A little detail: As I recall, circa '66- 70, if you were in college then you were safe from the draft. Registration with the Selective Service System was suspended on April 1, 1975, and registrant processing was suspended on January 27, 1976. Trump received four student draft deferments and a medical exemption Born in June 1946, Trump was also a member of the generation called up to serve in the Vietnam … During the Vietnam War, young men gathered in college dorms and friends’ homes to listen to live TV and radio broadcasts of the U.S. The draft was specifically designed to trigger volunteer enlistments before age 18 1/2 had been reached. The Military Draft During the Vietnam War. After the first year, only men 19 at the beginning of the year and older men with deferments which have expired will be affected by the annual lotteries. 1. Buffeted by protests against the war and the unfairness of the draft system, which also took a disproportionate number of African-American men, President Richard Nixon sought to reform the draft. The calculator, of course, does not use your birth year because many of us were born well after the Vietnam War. Volunteers were allowed to enlist as early as age 17 (with parental consent) & were required to serve for 3 years on active duty followed by 3 years as inactive reservists. So great were the numbers of draft resisters that in 1977, President Carter passed a general amnesty to all those who had fled abroad in defiance of the draft, allowing them to return to the United States, and out of 209,517 accused draft offenders, less than 9,000 were convicted. VIETNAM Aug 1964 - Feb 1973: 1,766,910: Inductions by year. The Vietnam War is remembered for many reasons: the military and civilian casualties; the turmoil and bitter division of American society; the ignominious outcome. The Navy did not draft during the Vietnam War, but the Marine Corp did draft 42,633 men during the war. RACE AND ETHNIC BACKGROUND. The following tables were generated from the Vietnam Conflict Extract Data File of the Defense Casualty Analysis System (DCAS) Extract Files, which is current as of April 29, 2008.The Vietnam Conflict Extract Data File of the Defense Casualty Analysis System (DCAS) Extract Files contains records of 58,220 U.S. military fatal casualties of the Vietnam War. Lottery Numbers by Birth Date for Selective Service Lottery held July 1, 1970.This lottery determined the order in which men born in 1951 were called to report for induction into the military.. July 1, 1970 Draft Lottery Collection. We all know the truth; like many people at the time, Jimi just didn't agree with the American government. The date of the last drawing for the lottery was on March 12, 1975. Recipients of draft deferments during the Vietnam War era. About 700,000 or about 30 percent of those who served in Vietnam were drafted. 86.3% of the men who died in Vietnam were Caucasian (includes Hispanics); These were sort of like college board tests. Document Viewer. [table striped="true" responsive="true"] SELECTIVE SERVICE RECORDS, HOLDINGS For WWI Selective Service Records: For WWII - Vietnam Era Selective Service Records: For Selective Service Records for men born on or after January 1, 1960: [/table] Background: Congress passed the first military conscription act in 1863 during the Civil War, allowing President Abraham Lincoln to draft … Draftees caught on, and during the Vietnam War pretending to be gay became a tactic draft dodgers used to avoid service. The last draft call was on December 7, 1972, and the authority to induct expired on June 30, 1973. Of the 19 Harvard alumni who were killed, only 11 were in the age group subject to the Vietnam draft. When I completed basic traning in 1967 at Ft. 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