The models evolve from social interactions, most notably through principal-agent interactions (power relationships) coupled with the oppressive character of time. In order for a conflict to be considered a proxy war, there must be a direct, long-term relationship between external actors and the belligerents involved. Please, subscribe or login to access full text content. Proxy war: | | | Part of a series about | | | ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. The labels used until now to speak of the parties involved in indirect wars vary from “client” and “patron” to “principal” and “pawn”, and are essentially tributary to the Cold War quest for bloc building. Asymmetric warfare (or asymmetric engagement) is war between belligerents whose relative military power differs significantly, or whose strategy or tactics differ significantly. Other articles where Proxy war is discussed: Commonwealth of Independent States: A similar proxy war broke out in eastern Ukraine in 2014 after Russia’s illegal annexation of the Ukrainian autonomous republic of Crimea. 2. University Press Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. A Deeper Examination of the Problems with the By, With, and Through Approach . The Cold War is now known for a number of proxy wars in which both the Soviet Union and the United States would support one side or the other in conflicts around the world. Proxy Battles in Just War Theory Proxy Battles in Just War Theory. Regardless of how well the proxy appears to fit the need, the reliance on another to pursue interests and objectives means that the intervening state must prepare for the additional costs and challenges associated with working through a third party. This theory stated that if one nation in South East Asia "went red" then all the nations in the region would follow suit. Therefore, efficacy represents the long-term perspective. This chapter presents a theory of how to conduct proxy war in a way that maximizes such a policy’s utility and efficacy. Yaacov Bar-Siman-Tov. The labels used until now to speak of the parties involved in indirect wars vary from “client” and “patron” to “principal” and “pawn”, and are essentially tributary to the Cold War quest for bloc building. This chapter explores how certain conditions and methods lead to maximizing a proxy’s utility and efficacy. These wars were essential in the concept of nuclear deterrence , allowing the Soviet Union and the United States to compete against each other indirectly and without the involvement of nuclear weapons, via conflicts such as the Vietnam War. If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please Proxy war or not, the bulk of the fighting in Syria is not about the regional balance of power. Tag - Iran Saudi Arabia Proxy War Theory. Add Comment. Each side was supported by external powers and the conflict expanded, becoming a proxy war in the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union. Cooperation and Conflict 2016 19: 4, 263-273 Download Citation. Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. The civil war in Syria is a rather convoluted example of a proxy war, which could partially be seen as an extension of both the Iranian/Saudi and Russian/American rivalries. Power and security can be called as the two sides of same coin. The Strategy of War by Proxy. THE CHARACTER OF PROXY WAR. Define proxy war. This work, arguing that proxy warfare is the dominant form of … Proxy war 1. 5 CFR (2006). Utility refers to the idea that a proxy can do what is needed—that it can perform the tasks necessary to carry out the intervention. On one hand are the Syrian government loyalists (both the regular Syrian armed forces and allied militias), which are supported by Hezbollah, Iran, and Russia. The civil war in Syria is a rather convoluted example of a proxy war, which could partially be seen as an extension of both the Iranian/Saudi and Russian/American rivalries. The picture these theories paint of proxies are built upon principal-agent relationships and metered by strategic risk. Instead, the purpose of this paper is to add to existing military theory and accepted precepts of war. States engage in proxy war for numerous reasons, the most important of which is the avoidance of direct conflict, especially with a state of greater or equal strength. Particularly during the Cold War, the US and USSR engaged in proxy wars by providing material and other forms of aid to competing sides of conflicts, such as in the Cold War-era Arab-Israeli wars (Bar-Siman-Tov 1984, 263). The aforementioned relationship usually takes the form of funding, military training, arms, or other forms of material assistance which assist a belligerent party in sustaining its war effort. Featured • Original Articles Historical background of anti-Shia violence in today’s Pakistan. What does proxy war mean? Greek Civil War The Greek Civil War was fought from 1946 to 1949 between the democrats with Greece, backed by the United Kingdom and United States. If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian. The bottom clusters on the map are coverage of the internal Ecuadorian politics of the withdrawal of Assange’s asylum. Featured • Original Articles Historical background of anti-Shia violence in today’s Pakistan. Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. In order for a conflict to be considered a proxy war, there must be a direct, long-term relationship between external actors and the belligerents involved. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter. Proxy Battles in Just War Theory Proxy Battles in Just War Theory. If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice.   efficacy, utility, policy, coherence, control. Add Comment. If a benefactor provides weapons to a proxy, they can land in the hands of terrorists. Greek Civil War The Greek Civil War was fought from 1946 to 1949 between the democrats with Greece, backed by the United Kingdom and United States. For each country “security” is the prime interest and to satisfy this interest, power is a primary source. However, this pre-Cold War scholarship on proxy wars focused predominantly on the use of proxies by superpowers to avoid conflict escalation and nuclear confrontation. If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian. One of these models is found any time proxy environments exist. The recourse to proxy war has been particularly prevalent since 1945 as the shadow of nuclear war ensured more acute selectivity in conflict engagement, 83-124) DOI: 10.2307/j.ctvqsdq0k.7 CHANCES ARE, a proxy war policy will go ahead despite suboptimal conditions. [Dictionary 1] The United Nations does not wage war (or proxy war): its peacekeeping military actions are instead police actions. The strategy of war by proxy may be utilized to preserve the “peace” between the two powers directly.8 Given the contemporary neglect of superpower conflict strategies, this thesis critically examines proxy war as a viable national strategy for nuclear armed great powers to advance and/or defend their global national interests in a bipolar international system. Published to University Press Scholarship Online: September 2019, DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9781503608184.001.0001. This chapter explores how certain conditions and methods lead to maximizing a proxy’s utility and efficacy. During the Cold War, analysis of proxy war was heavily state-centric and was viewed through the binary lens of U.S.-Soviet competition for influence.19 Post-Cold War analysis of proxy warfare has given greater attention to the way that states might use rebel or insurgent groups or other non-state actors as surrogates or proxies to exert influence in another state.20 However, the difficulty … Regardless of how well the proxy appears to fit the need, the reliance on another to pursue interests and objectives means that the intervening state must prepare for the additional costs and challenges associated with working through a third party. Chapter: (p.166) 7 Proxy Battles in Just War Theory Source: Oxford Studies in Political Philosophy, Volume 3 Author(s): Seth Lazar Laura Valentini Publisher: Oxford University Press Yaacov Bar-Siman-Tov. While Pfaff’s analysis is normative in character, being based in the legal tradition of “just war theory” (jus ad bellum), the norms of proxy wars” at which he arrives map remarkably well onto the political considerations that lie at the heart of unconventional warfare strategy. DOI:10.11126/stanford/9781503608184.003.0004, Chapter 2 Sharpening the Definitions of Indirect Intervention and Proxy War, Chapter 3 The Evolution of Proxy War Since 1945, Chapter 6 South Africa’s Proxy War in Angola, Chapter 2 Sharpening the Definitions of Indirect Intervention and Proxy War, Chapter 3 The Evolution of Proxy War Since 1945, Chapter 6 South Africa’s Proxy War in Angola, Chapter 7 India’s Proxy War in Sri Lanka. War (1979–1991) A New Age of Proxy Warfare Warning Signs: Renewed Rivalries in the 1990s and the 2000s The Arab Spring and Today’s Proxy Wars (2011–2018) Strategic Innovation and Proxy Proliferation Conclusion 54 Notes 57 2. Jus in Bello, the Site of Justice, and Feasibility Constraints. This chapter presents a theory of how to conduct proxy war in a way that maximizes such a policy’s utility and efficacy. Information and translations of proxy war in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. The main international players in the proxy war are Saudi Arabia, who is supporting the Sunni rebels, and Russia and Iran, who are allying with the Assad regime. October 11, 2020. Expanding upon the limited proxy war theory that exists is therefore vital. Therefore, efficacy represents the long-term perspective. proxy war synonyms, proxy war pronunciation, proxy war translation, English dictionary definition of proxy war. The term “proxy war” conjures images of the Cold War, when outside powers—namely, the United States and Soviet Union, but also regional players—treated local combatants as pawns on a geopolitical chessboard. 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